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Preschool: Understanding the ABCs of Early Education

Introduction of Preschool

The world of early childhood education can be a maze for parents navigating through terms like preschool, playgroup, nursery, LKG, and UKG.

In this blog post, we’ll unravel the intricacies of preschool education, addressing common questions such as what constitutes a preschool, the difference between nursery and playgroup, and the age criteria for various classes.

What Do You Mean by Preschool?

Preschool, short for pre-primary school, is an educational establishment that provides early childhood education to children before they officially enter the formal schooling system. It serves as a bridge between home and primary school, focusing on foundational skills development, socialization, and introducing basic concepts.

Which Class is Called Preschool?

The term “preschool” is often used as an umbrella term covering various early education classes. Playgroup, nursery, LKG (Lower Kindergarten), and UKG (Upper Kindergarten) all fall under the category of preschool classes.

What Comes First: Nursery or Playgroup?

In the sequence of early education, playgroup usually comes before nursery. Playgroup is an informal setting that focuses on play-based learning and socialization for very young children, typically between the ages of 1.5 to 3 years. Nursery, on the other hand, is a more structured program, often considered the first step in formal education, catering to children aged 3 to 4 years.

Is Nursery the Same as LKG?

No, nursery and LKG (Lower Kindergarten) are not the same. Nursery is typically the first formal year of early education, targeting children aged 3 to 4 years. LKG follows nursery and is considered the next step, catering to children around 4 to 5 years old. Both focus on foundational learning but with a gradual increase in academic expectations in LKG.

What is the Age of UKG?

UKG, or Upper Kindergarten, is usually the final year of preschool education. Children enrolled in UKG are typically around 5 to 6 years old. This class serves as a bridge between preschool and formal primary education, preparing children for the transition.

Difference Between Playschool and Preschool:

While the terms “playschool” and “preschool” are sometimes used interchangeably, playschool generally refers to an informal setting with a primary focus on play-based learning for very young children. Preschool, on the other hand, is a more comprehensive term encompassing various early education classes, including playgroup, nursery, LKG, and UKG.

Is Nursery the Same as LKG in India?

In the Indian educational context, nursery and LKG are distinct classes. Nursery typically caters to children aged 3 to 4 years, while LKG follows, targeting children around 4 to 5 years old. Both classes are crucial in laying the foundation for a child’s academic journey.

Is Playgroup the Same as Nursery?

Playgroup and nursery are not the same. Playgroup is an introductory stage for very young children, focusing on play-based learning and socialization. Nursery, the next step in the sequence, is a more structured program with a focus on foundational learning for children aged 3 to 4 years.


Understanding the nuances of early childhood education is essential for parents as they embark on the journey of selecting the right educational path for their little ones. Preschool, with its diverse classes like playgroup, nursery, LKG, and UKG, plays a pivotal role in laying the groundwork for a child’s academic and social development. Armed with a clearer understanding of these terms, parents can make informed decisions to ensure a smooth and successful transition into formal schooling.

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